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Becker Muscular Dystrophy

Alternate test name

BMD, DMD-associated dilated cardiomyopathy

Gene name / Alternate gene name
  • DMD
  • BMD
Lab area
Genome Diagnostics - Molecular Genetics
Method and equipment
Deletion/duplication analysis; Sequencing
Expected turn-around time
Prenatal samples: 2 weeks Pregnancy/STAT: 2-3 weeks Routine: 4-6 weeks
Specimen type

Blood; we will not accept extracted DNA for the MLPA portion of this test.

If sending a prenatal sample, please contact the laboratory prior to sending sample to discuss sample requirements.

For details about specimen requirements, please refer to Specimen Type & Requirements (PDF).

Specimen requirements
  • Blood: 5-10 mL in EDTA, 0.5 mL in EDTA (neonate);
  • DNA-minimum 10 ug in 100 uL low TE (pH8.0)
Storage and transportation

Room Temperature

For details about specimen requirements, please refer to: Specimen Type and Requirements

DNA extracted at an external lab is not accepted for MLPA testing.

Special requirements

Special Instructions for Genome Diagnostics Samples

If sample shipment  >48 hours, ship on ice.

Shipping information
The Hospital for Sick Children
Division of Genome Diagnostics
555 University Avenue, Black Wing, Room 3416
Toronto, ON
M5G 1X8
Phone: 416-813-7200 ext. 2
Hours: Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Off hours: Please send to Rapid Response Laboratory, 555 University Avenue, Room 3642
Email Molecular Lab:
Email Cytogenetics:
Background and clinical significance

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most common inherited diseases, occurring once in every 3,500 males. It is characterized by progressive muscle weakness, inability to walk after age 12, serious respiratory infections by age 14 to 18, and respiratory failure in the 20s to 30s.

Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) has a similar disease course to DMD, but with slower onset and progression. BMD is also less common, occurring once in every 35,000 males. Both DMD and BMD are caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene on the X chromosome.

See related information sheet: Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy

Disease condition

Becker Muscular Dystrophy

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